Esdeveniments

"Presentació de projectes 2018-19. Challenge #2: Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Life and Ecosystems"

28 Febrer 2020
12:15
Ubicació: 
Sala d'Actes
Impartida per: 
García-Ladona (AERONET-OC), Garrabou (MPA-Engage, HEATMED), Olivar (SUMMER), Demestre (CriMa

Presentació de projectes començats el 2018-19 a l'ICM.
Challenge #2: Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Life and Ecosystems

AERONET-OC - Bioptical Survey of the Ebro's Shelf - Marco Talone, Emili García Ladona

                AERONET-OC is an international network of instrumented sites to faciliate automatic calibration of satellite onboard radiometers in visible and near-infrared bands (e.g. MODIS, VIIRS, OLCI). These are used, among others applications, to derive satellite based information on Chla concentration, yellow substance, surface suspended sediment, etc. In spring 2019, the JRC deployed an AERONET-OC node in the Casablanca oil platform and set up a collaboration with the ICM (through 2 tenders) to perform node maintenance operations and carry in situ measurements. In May 2020 there will be a cruise onboard the R/V Garcia del Cid to characterize the bioptical water properties around the Ebro’s Delta and its surrounding shelf area.

 

MPA-Engage - Engaging Mediterranean key actors in Ecosystem Approach to manage Marine Protected Areas to face Climate change - Joaquim Garrabou

HEATMED - Mediterranean coastal ecosystems in the Anthropocene: how marine heat waves are transforming marine benthic habitats? - Cristina Linares, Joaquim Garrabou

                The Mediterranean Sea is one of the worst-affected areas by climate change in the world since warming occurs at a rate 20% faster than the world’s average. The projects MPA-Engage (Interreg MED) and HeatMed (Ministry Science, Innovation and Universities) aim to contribute to our understanding on the ongoing and future climate change impacts in coastal rocky habitats and develop solutions to adapt and mitigate the expected impacts. The research will be focus on the impacts of marine heatwaves using different approaches such as the analysis of unique ecological series, literature reviews and meta-analysis using innovative quantitative ecological tools as well as novel modelling approaches. Regarding the solutions, MPA-Engage is devoted to put Marine Protected Areas in the frontline for climate change adaptation. The project MPA-Engage will monitor in a harmonized way the climate change impacts including citizen science initiatives and will elaborate vulnerability assessments on ecological and socio-economic settings in order to develop climate change adaptation action plans in 7 Marine Protected Areas located in 6 Mediterranean countries. The main expected outcome is to ensure the delivery of well-targeted, effective and applicable measures on climate change adaptation in marine protected areas at Mediterranean level.

 

SUMMER - Sustainable Management of Mesopelagic Resources - Pilar Olivar

                The mesopelagic layer is one of the least understood ecosystems on Earth. Recent research suggests that the fish biomass in the mesopelagic ecosystem might be 10 times higher than previously thought. However, this estimate is subject to a high degree of uncertainty in the fraction of the community that is fish. The potential high biomass has raised interest in its exploitation. Nevertheless, if the biomass is as high as estimated, mesopelagic fish may play a key role in ecosystem services, such as sustaining other commercially relevant species, and on carbon sequestration. Combining trawls, in situ acoustics and eDNA, SUMMER seeks to obtain an accurate assessment of the composition and biomass of the mesopelagic community. Gut content analysis, molecular markers and stable isotopes will allow quantification of the vertically integrated trophic network, linking to commercial and charismatic species. Models will be used to estimate the impact of fishing scenarios on trophic network stability and carbon sequestration. Mesopelagic organisms will be tested for their potential as fish meal, nutra and pharmaceuticals. The project will develop a decision support tool to enable accounting for trade-offs between services in when considering sustainable use of mesopelagic resources.

 

CriMa - Science and society initiative to investigate the trade-off between exploitation and conservation on sensitive benthic habitats: the case of crinoids and maërl beds  - Montserrat Demestre, Josep Lloret

                The CriMa project, led by the Institute of Marine Sciences in collaboration with the University of Girona, the Spanish Institute of Oceanography, and the University of Auckland in NZ, is a research project that aims to evaluate the vulnerability and productivity of different continental shelf habitats in the NW Mediterranean. The project integrates different observational techniques, the use of ecological indicators and mathematical models to better understand the ecosystem functioning subject to the ecological condition of habitats and provide information that contributes to mitigate the anthropogenic effects on these habitats, particularly from fisheries exploitation. The project results will allow to establish the basis to achieve a sustainable exploitation of marine resources without jeopardizing the capacity of these benthic habitats to provide Goods and Services to society, compatible with the objectives of Good Environmental Status and Ecological Integrity. In parallel, CriMa aims to link the health of these habitats and the quality of the marine resources associated with the habitats with the health and well-being of consumers and society. Therefore, CriMa project considers the integration between research and society to uncover new strategies and provide answers to address the main problem in exploited ecosystems: the fragile balance between conservation and exploitation. The project envisages three benthic habitats of great ecological and economic importance on the continental shelf, crinoid beds, maërl and mud, from two areas in the Mediterranean: the Catalan coast and the coast of Murcia. The methodological results obtained by CriMa are conceptually exportable to any sea and ocean with fragile, essential sea bottoms exploited by fishing.